Medications


The back is one of the most vulnerable parts of the human body. It is charged with supporting the body through the day to day activities and physical stresses. When problems or injuries occur, the related pain can be debilitating and may require medical treatment. The first course of action is to address pain issues. Here are some pain medications that may successfully help lower back pain.

Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
When dealing with back pain issues, it is highly recommended that a patient start with anti-inflammatory drugs before progressing to drugs with more risks and side effects. Anti-inflammatory drugs act to reduce swelling and increase blood flow to the problem area bringing relief to the symptoms. The most common anti-inflammatory drugs are:
- Non-prescription Aspirin products - The most popular product is Ibuprofen.
- Celebrex - This drug is prescribe for short-tern use due to the risks of digestive or cardiovascular problems

Muscle Relaxants
When pain is caused by muscle spasms or strain, the ailment is best treated with muscle relaxants. Muscle relaxants don't really affect muscles directly. They work in the brain to relax the entire body. The most common prescription muscle relaxants are:
- Carisoprodol (Soma) - This drug is highly addictive and should only be used on a short-term basis.
- Cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril) - It can be used on a long term basis as it tends to act as an anti-depressant which helps keep a person relaxed with a lower risk of addiction
- Diazepam (Valium) - This drug is for short term use as it is highly addictive. Individuals who suffer from depression may want to avoid this drug since it is classified as a depressant.

Opiate Based Pain Killers
When the pain issues become problematic and severe, the next level of medication treatment is opioid pain killers. These narcotics work on the pain receptors in the brain to decrease pain signals sent throughout the body. All of these drugs are highly addictive and are intended for short term use. The most common prescription pain killers are:
- Codeine
- Hydrocodone (Lortab)
- Oxycodone (OxyContin, Percocet)

If pain medications are unsuccessful, further options for back pain relief include spinal injections or surgery. As with most medical issues, treatment should start with the least intrusive treatments and progress as needed.


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